InPACTO Vulnerability Index

[Watch in ENGLISH] InPACTO Vulnerability Index: https://youtu.be/9QVT4itSdOQ

Know the InPACTO Vulnerability Index

Map the factors that make a municipality, a region and its population more vulnerable to slave labor or any other human rights violation and, from the crossing and analysis of hundreds of socioeconomic and demographic data, establish a risk scale. This is the proposal of the InPACTO Vulnerability Index, innovative technology designed by the institute so that companies and sectors can establish priorities for preventive actions in their production chains and improve the fight against slave and child labor in Brazil.

The analysis of socioeconomic data to measure the risk of slave labor from the vulnerability of the populations was an old desire of InPACTO and took shape for the first time in 2017, in a partnership between InPACTO, JBS and Agrotools, focusing on the livestock sector in Legal Amazon.

In March 2019, with the support of Catholic Relief Services (CRS), until then a partner of InPACTO in a sector strategy to improve the working conditions of coffee, we were able to carry out the first visualization tests of data analysis using the Tableau tool . From there, it was possible to show the potential of this methodology to InPACTO partners and associates.

Presented in several national and international forums, including the National Congress, or InPACTO Vulnerability Index has been recognized as an innovative way to improve the fight against slave labor in Brazil. The proposal is to make these analyzes accessible so that companies and sectors can prioritize actions to prevent slave labor in their production chains.

Recently, the InPACTO Vulnerability Index reached Minas Gerais, with a database that includes the 853 municipalities in the state, in a test phase with the participation of companies. Minas was chosen for being the second Brazilian state in volume of exports, accounting for about 11% of the total in 2017.

The map below shows an exercise in visualizing vulnerability analysis to slave labor in the state of Minas Gerais. The test phase was supported by the British Embassy.

(A) Example of risk analysis using only the “Dirty List” data (B) Example of risk analysis considering socioeconomic data and slave labor data

And, for this test phase, 20 Brazilian and multinational companies that have suppliers in the state of Minas Gerais were invited to learn, evaluate and contribute to the improvement of the tool. Representatives of these companies met, in November last year, at a presentation seminar, in which they had the opportunity to clarify doubts about the construction of the indicator and were enthusiastic about the potential of the tool to guide their strategies for preventing and combating slave labor. .

For InPACTO's project coordinator, Daniele Martins, “this stage of testing with companies was fundamental for an assertive advance both in the development of a platform that facilitates access to data analysis, and in the maturation of the strategy itself that goes through a process of mobilization of the productive sector ”.

The InPACTO Vulnerability Index will allow companies with operations in Brazil to know their risks based on the reality of the city or region and, thus, with the support of InPACTO, formulate action plans more appropriate to the locations where their suppliers are located. Another benefit of the index is that it enables joint actions between companies and sectors that operate in the same territory.

The index places technology and data intelligence at the service of preventing and combating slave labor in Brazil. And it is the result of the analysis and crossing of 420 national, state and municipal indicators from sources in the national statistical system, such as the Multidimensional Bank for Statistics, the Basic Municipal Information Survey, the Central Register of Enterprises, the Demographic Census and the Profile of Brazilian Municipalities of IBGE; the ILO Municipal Decent Work Indicator System and the MPT and ILO Digital Slave Labor Observatory, among others. "The scale of the indicator varies from 0 to 1, and the closer the score is to 1 in the municipality, the greater its vulnerability to the occurrence of slave and child labor", explains Danilo Torini, methodological coordinator of the project.

The Vulnerability Index methodology considers variables that have a high correlation with the occurrence of slave labor - among them the “Dirty List”, inspection operations, information on the dynamics of the labor market (formal and informal), paid and unpaid work , child and adolescent labor records, working hours, health and safety, income, social security and dialogue.

The index also takes into account factors indirectly related to slave labor, but which indicate some social fragility, such as the existence or not of public health, culture and housing facilities and the commuting time between home and work. It also considers socioeconomic and demographic data that help to profile the municipality and can influence, in specific situations, the potential degree of risk of human rights violations. The risk map brings the general vulnerability index of the municipality and is grouped into indicator modules (social, social security, work, education, etc.).

The results of the vulnerability index assessment phase by the companies participating in the project were presented on March 17, 2020, in a virtual seminar.

Currently, InPACTO is extending its database to the entire national territory, already considering an update due to COVID-19 and its impacts on the population's vulnerability. At the same time, we are designing a platform that is accessible to our members.

“InPACTO is building a robust system for due diligence on the theme of slave and child labor. We are helping to make the vulnerability to the violation of rights tangible, to build a common reference for municipalities and productive sectors and to bring agility and security to companies for risk management. The potential of the index is enormous, ”said Mércia Silva, executive director of InPACTO.

Learn more about child labor in production chains, please click here to access our special.

If your company is interested in knowing the InPACTO Vulnerability Index, contact Mércia Silva (mercia@inpacto.org.br), director of the institute, and / or Daniele Martins (dmartins@inpacto.org.br), project coordinator.